What is Dyslexia

Dyslexia, or developmental reading disorder, is characterized by difficulty with learning to read fluently and with accurate comprehension despite normal to above intelligence. This includes difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, processing speed, orthographic coding, auditory short term memory, language skills/verbal comprehension, and/or rapid naming.

The most common trait associated with dyslexia is the inability to read, or have significant struggles in doing so. Sometimes this is interpreted as being due to laziness on the part of the child to make the effort to learn. Historically it was suggested that dyslexia could even be due to a physical dysfunction in a person’s eye that caused them to see letters and words jump of the page when they were reading. It is now proven that this is not the case, and that there is a disorientation factor to dyslexia.

For example, when we read the word “cat” we can instantly create a picture in our imagination

Let’s try the word “ball”.

Now try “car”.

Now picture the meaning of the word “on”.

Now picture the meaning of the word “in”.

Now picture the meaning of the word “where”.

The main difference between a person with and without dyslexia is twofold – how a person creates thoughts and how a person processes new information. Though each person with dyslexia is unique, the common trait between all of them is that each is a visual spatial/intuitive thinker.

Sight Words

Sight words will cause dyslexic problems because these words cannot be translated into visual pictures.

A dyslexic must create pictures in order to read.  Here are examples of creating pictures for non-picture words.

Now picture the meaning of the word “on". On a trampoline"

Now picture the meaning of the word “in". In a bathtub"

Now picture the meaning of the word “where”. Where are my glasses?"